Digital Literacy and Practical Web Design Training

Posted in Personal Development, Soft Skills, Web Design and Development

The resources provided in this practical training are aimed at providing interested and committed learners in a better position to attain proficiency in Digital Literacy and personally design and manage online presence. Study the material in the order provided and stay tuned for further discussion.

The resources provided in this practical training are aimed at providing interested and committed learners […]

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The Need for Relevant Post-Covid-19 Learning and Content Management System

Posted in Digital Literacy, Learning Management System, Personal Development, Soft Skills



COVID-19 PANDEMIC is an epoch that will persist for some time to come. Within the lifetime of COVID-19 and beyond, several implications have been witnessed and more are yet to come.

Until recently when the COVID-19 pandemic forced all institutions of learning to observe the close-down and stay at home orders issued across the globe and Nigeria in particular, most institutions of higher learning have not really had the opportunity to test the efficiency and effectiveness of their investments in the online teaching system.

Generally, this is the first time the world will be witnessing a Pandemic of this magnitude in the last Century; hence, due preparations and evaluation of the existing system were never truly made. COVID-19 indeed is a true test of our preparedness for distance learning.


From experience, it is obvious that for any Distance Learning System to be functional, some baseline communication tools must be put in place.

Supporting Communication Tools

WhatsApp Groups is a tool for chatting and video stands out as the most widely used. This tool requires quality data to function optimally and currently, a group on WhatsApp can only accommodate 250. Technically it is possible to increase the number of members to any size you want by following certain configuration processes, but this is not advisable.

Bulk SMS Platform is another faster means of disseminating group information and there are various Service Providers in this area. There are standalone providers and at the same time, it is possible to integrate bulk SMS into an institution’sWebsite, Learning Management System, or the Portal.

Telegram is a strong contender to WhatsApp and it has a lot of tools for group chat and interaction. The group size of Telegram can go as far as 200,000. Telegram apart from chatting, voice, video, and robust group modules has what it calls channel. The Channel is for the broadcast of news simultaneous to a large group who are not necessarily members of our group.

Bulk Email Platform:

For educational purposes, free GoogleSuites is ideal. Google Education Suites provides custom Email addresses mapped with the institutional emails. Through Google Suites, institutions have access to a series of Educational tools such as full Google classroom and other premium/robust Google services for free. To Benefit from this, it is ideal for the Institution’s domain change to domain extension which is currently available at N4000 only. In the course of configuration, it will require a corporate brief of the institution, a list of Officers, and a Certificate of Operation issued by the appropriate body.

For efficient bulk email services, Mailchimp Email Services is recommended for use in addition to other CRMs.


As changes occur in our day-to-day private and corporate lives, so also,  we need to review our positions and come up with enabling policies for efficiency and effectiveness.

Decisions will have to be made on ownership/acquisition of quality or manageable Smartphone or Phablet or Tablet for day to day operations and learning, which network provider is ideal for data, ownership/return of the SIM Cards/phones on disengagement, who is or are going to be the administrator(s) and what happens when such staff disengages from the organization.


The current COVID-19 scenario has really exposed the non-availability of a robust staff database to aid smooth and seamless onetime communication. For any organization to function optimally now and in the future, there must be a robust database of members to aid the instant dissemination of information by voice, SMS, and chats. The database is expected to cover variables such as Names, email addresses, Phone numbers, and status. Status for staff is expected to show whether teaching or non-teaching, Departments/Units, and Course allocation if a tertiary institution. The status for students, on the other hand, is expected to have a level and programme or Department.

Relying on the saying that “It is not a mistake to make a mistake, but it is a mistake to repeat a mistake” it is absolutely necessary that institutions of higher learning should commence the building of their communication databases, which will serve the interest of respective institutions and other subgroups.

Below are the demo profile data requirements from staff and students to aid the configuration of Learning Management Systems.

Profile of management staff a maximum of 300 words. Plus quality portrait photograph

Management and Senior Staff Profile using the following points:

1a. Profile Photograph

1b. Title

1c. First Name

1d. Middle Name

1e. Surname

2a Designation/Rank

2b State your Appointments

2c Nature of Employment

  1. Email Address
  2. Phone on WhatsApp
  3. Social Media Address
  • Facebook
  • Twitter
  • LinkedIn
  • Instagram
  1. Faculty
  2. Department
  3. Programme
  4. Unit
  5. Brief Profile (five lines maximum)
  6. Degrees/Qualifications
  7. Education
  8. Area(s) of Specification
  9. Experience
  10. Awards/Honours
  11. Teaching Philosophy
  12. Personal Quote

  1. Profile Photograph
  2. First Name
  3. Middle Name
  4. Surname
  5. Gender
  6. Campus Responsibilities
  7. Email Address
  8. Phone on WhatsApp
  9. Social Media Address
  • Facebook
  • Twitter
  • LinkedIn
  • Instagram
  1. Faculty
  2. Department
  3. Programme
  4. Level
  5. 13.Entrepreneurship Skills/Talents
  6. Personal Quote


Prior to the advent of COVID-19 majority of employers, educators and students have reservations for online degrees and certificates. These reservations centered on the general belief that online education is substandard, doubts on the credibility of the awarding institutions, quality of tuition, the scope of the curriculum, doubts on online instructions, tests, assignments, and examinations, and whether all these are adequate to replace onsite teaching and learning.

The above no doubt affected investment and interests in online or distance learning. The learning management systems in place were mainly not put to serious use or tests until the advent of COVID-19. Where the Learning Management System has been used, they have not actually tried them outside of the various supports hitherto enjoyed on campuses such as electricity, classrooms, and other instructional materials like Lectern, Projector, free bandwidth. Issues bothering on monitoring of teaching and attendance on the part of staff and students were not envisaged, online examination and how to handle invigilation by staff and students appear strange to many especially in terms of the credibility of such online examinations.

The lockdown also showed that in some cases, the widely acclaimed Learning Management System does not have the appropriate courses uploaded while in some cases, the materials have not been developed and cannot be completed so soon.

In order to remain relevant, some institutions have started something online. The situation in some cases is total lockdown and nothing could be done at home because no structures were put in place outside the onsite one. Some adopted WhatsApp as the only means of instruction, some adopted either or combination of Google Education Suite, Schooly, Edmundo, Moodle, Facebook, Zoom, Skype, Telegram, and some other ones.

In some other cases, the learning management system in place lacks human interaction. Courses have been loaded online in a series of modules and students are expected to go online at his/her own pace and read/study without human interaction. Others introduced a blended teaching and learning approach whereby students are exposed to a combination of Visuals, Audio, Reading Texts, and Kinetics through graphics, demonstration, etc.


Apart from the cost of generating power, procuring data, buying functional tools such as Laptops, Tablets, or Smartphones, provision of the ideal software, etc., there is one major challenge that must be solved if all investments in virtual or online teaching and learning are to yield the required/desired result. The problem is that of lack of the required attitudinal change and a renewed drive for relevance in a fast-changing technological environment. It is not a problem of software, neither is it hardware but simply put, the challenge is that of Human Ware.

We must be prepared for positive stress in order to learn some new functions already existing on our various devices. Most importantly, on the use of basic functions of WhatsApp to bold, italicize, strike through a text, two-step security for groups, and for admins in view of the negative implications of hackers. WhatsApp administrators are expected to be conscious of their basic roles in adding members, protecting members, removing and regulating contents that could lead to litigation, and many more. In today’s environment, we should all be able to connect our WhatsApp to our desktop/laptops for efficient and effective office, teaching, and learning activities.

In the new era, we have to train ourselves on how to record videos, produce voice notes, stream on Facebook, initiate meetings and webinars on Zoom, Google Meet, and other similar platforms such as,, etc. We must be able to create YouTube Channel and upload to it for educational purposes and set it to either private or public depending on our goals. Today’s academic environment must be prepared to use several opportunities available in google suites such as Google sheets, docs, drawing, slides, Jamboard, classroom, and many more. It is interesting to note that some are already experts; some are learning and adjusting at a faster rate, while we still have those who are yet to grapple with the unfolding technological imperatives. One fact is certain, in the train of technological advancement, those who do not aspire will definitely expire.


Management will go a long way to assist in achieving some degree of compliance with the world order with the introduction of policies on teaching on a modular basis, ensuring that teaching staff prepare and submit their teaching philosophies, deemphasizing examinations, and focusing on the application of knowledge gained, come up with policies on the adoption of ICT in all spheres of operation and other related issues.


Blended learning is the combination of in-classroom person teaching and learning with online teaching and learning USING technology as the interface.


  • Must operate on affordable technology
  • Must be reliable
  • Must be easy to use
  • Must take care of the new entrants
  • Must aid students to come to class prepared
  • Teachers must become a coach who guides on the site and not a sage on the stage while onsite.
  • Students must be trained to be in charge of learning and thinking
  • Students must maximize their learning by watching, reading, reviewing, and applying what they learn.
  • Must provide

(a) Round the clock access to training

(b) Provide feedback

(c) Collaborative learning

  • Allow students to move at their own pace on familiar and unfamiliar materials.
  • Students should be able to move faster, pause, and re-watched or re-accessed materials.
  • Encourage students’ engagement when they are most alert. Some students are active early while some are active late in the day.
  • Allow for a break when needed.
  • Recognizes gaps in knowledge, hence the emphasis on time-based assignments and learning, should also consider mastery.

A good Blended Teaching and Learning Mechanism in addition to the above points should enhance mastery, efficiency, and effectiveness. It should be useful for new sets of students and serve as good revision opportunities during vacation and other unexpected breaks in the future.

It is a statement of fact that organizations and most importantly, institutions of higher learning will be confronted with a series of critical post-COVID-19 decisions bothering on sustenance and relevance.

Consequently, institutions that will remain relevant will have to go to where their students are and not the other way round. Our institutions should be able to move to a different location virtually, move to Facebook, WhatsApp, Telegram, Linked In, etc. in line with modern-day realities.

To achieve the above will require a functional Online Teaching, Learning, and Content Management System that meets the need of the contemporary social and interactive environment.

In order words, social distancing should be complemented with an effective social learning option. The success of any learning system is not dependent on the sophistication of the tools and the contents, but on the process through which the whole arrangement is implemented within a given environment.

In today’s LMS, course materials should move from the traditional straight four-page texts to attention magnet materials in multi formats such as

  • Voice notes/podcasts
  • Video
  • Visuals and graphics etc

LMS of today should have a discussion forum, segmentation of students into groups for Intra and intergroup discussion links to social media and profiles, chats, emails, voting, surveys, and polls. There may be the need to request a group leader to teach online at a scheduled time while tandem teaching (each-one-teach-one) could be encouraged in areas of core competence.

Teachers may have to flip their classrooms. This is a process whereby courses are first introduced online; students examine them and the teacher discusses the topic thereafter in the classroom.

The focus of a teacher in an ensuring scenario should be how to retain the learners’ attention. This could be done through the use of controversies, awards gamification, tables, and charts, illustrations, asking a question at the beginning of a topic instead of at the end, drawing comparisons, and above all, teachers should be able to use infographics and visuals to explain concepts, theories, and processes.

Teachers who want to attract attention will have to encourage critical thinking and creative minds. For instance, instead of asking “why do we have corruption in our society”, ask the learners ‘how can we have a society without corruption?’

In conclusion, for any emerging online teaching and learning environment to be relevant, learners must be able to access materials easily; the materials should of good quality and be relevant, show the expertise of the teacher, create trust, and above all, it should solve agitations in the minds of the learners.

As a guide, teaching materials should be well planned and informative. It could contain relevant points drawn from this write-up.

Below is a demo format for consideration.


Course Information

  1. Course Code: GST 104
  2. Course Title: Developing Course Materials
  3. Credit Units: 2
  4. Course Status: Core
  5. Semester: First
  6. Study Hour: 24 hours (12 weeks minimum)
  7. Course Edition: 1st Edition

Course Team

  1. Course Development: ABC University/College
  2. Course writer(s): Dr ABC
  3. Instructional Designer: Mr XYZ
  4. Learning Technologist: Miss ABC
  5. Course Editors: Mr XXX
  6. Copy Editors: Mr ……

Contents of the course

Ice Breaker

This is a warm aspect of your lecture to make the students feel relaxed and interact effectively. This may include asking students to state their names, hobbies, special skills, learning expectations, nicknames, etc at the commencement of your course. This is aimed at closing the existing emotional distances that may not allow the flow of interactions.

General Objectives

At the end of the course, students should be able to:





D Demo Course Content

Module 1: State the module title

1.0 Introduction

2.0Intended Learning Outcomes at the end of the unit(ILOs)

3.0 Main Content

a .



4.0 Illustrations/Demonstration
5.0 Quiz/Assignment/Questions eg

In-Text Question

AN institution that will be relevant in the present dispensation should have an effective learning management system. TRUE/FALSE

In-Text Answer


6.0 Conclusion

7.0 Summary of the Unit or Module

8.0 References/further reading for the Unit or Module

Unit 2: state the subunits


Module 3:

Module 4:



Module 6:

Module 7:



Module 9:

Module 10:


Module 12:


Module 13:

Module 14

Revision 15

Course Requirements/Assessment

There are two or three main forms of assessments in this course that will be scored

The continuous assessments

The final examination.

Make a statement on Practical if necessary


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breakup, divorce, separation

Practical Conflict Resolution Mechanism

Posted in Personal Development
I have come to conclude that there are two perspectives of understanding life. The first is the conflict perspective while the second is the consensus perspective. In other words, if you check the situations around you, you will either be faced with the conflict perspective where you will be asking questions bothering on the conflicting nature of issues such as differences in disposition, height, gender, size, gifts, endowment, knowledge, status, wealth, trusts, commitment, treatment, tolerance, authority, power, attitude, behaviour, perspective, quietness, gentleness, loudness, stubbornness, meanness, etc. Definitely, with all these variations, there are bound to be CONFLICTS.conflict, ecology, environmentThe consensus perspective deals with the fact that the only way you can understand life is to see it from the point of view that all conflicts will end in CONSENSUS. Either to stay away, or stay together after considering several issues. This is based on the fact that looking for that perfect situation is a utopian ideology. Perfect situations will not exist but individuals or groups must look for consensus within the conflictual nature around him or her through a critical evaluation of self. This self-evaluation is important because by your various actions, social status and disposition, others also have the conviction that you are a key contributor to the conflict they are experiencing, whereas, you might ignore this fact and be blaming others.
The conclusion is that all conflicts will end in CONSENSUS. The consensus, in this case, maybe genuine, fake, win-win, depending on the parties, approaches, sincerity, and circumstances, principles and trust involved. The consensus is not a permanent guarantee that conflict will not occur again because the entire creation is sitting on conflict, exploitation, and control of one group by the other. Except that the way towards peace is consensus.
Believe in the existence of conflicts at creation, in every sphere of life and that every human being is a critical part and sources of conflict, including your very self.
Believe in the fact that consensus is a sure solution to the conflict. Explore the use of CAMAG.
The use of CAMAG is precipitated by the fact that you ask the following questions when confronted with issues of conflict or consensus.
(1) Confront
After asking yourself a series of questions, consider whether to confront the issues at stake once and for all irrespective of the consequences. It’s certainly clear that some issues should not be allowed to continue, otherwise, a party MAY continue to unnecessarily exploit, control and exhibit contradictions if unchecked. Caution should be taken to avoid confronting what or who should not be confronted. Weight the cost-benefit analysis of your actions before you act.
(2) Avoid
After asking yourself a series of questions consider whether to confront the issues at stake, or whether to simply avoid the party or the issue bringing the conflict for peace to reign. Avoidance may be the best way out and it could also be a time bomb as certain issues may require confrontation to resolve. Weigh the cost-benefit analysis of your actions before you act.
(3) Manage
There are issues of life or sources of conflict that confrontation and avoidance will not be the best solution. The way forward may be to manage the person or conflicting situations. For instance, there are some foundational issues or innate attitudes of certain people or corporate behaviour that are beyond confrontation and avoidance. There are situations we do not have any other option than to manage close associates, siblings, relatives, spouse, friends and fiends, co-workers, brethren, co-travellers and others we may be having a short or time-bound relationship with, while in other situations, our association maybe for a long time to come. Always remember that if you change the skin of a fox, you cannot change the fact that a fox is a destructive animal.
(4) Acceptance
This is another way of dealing with conflict. This becomes necessary because there are situations or people you cannot change in view of the prevailing situations, the characters, attitudes, behaviours, knowledge, exposures, etc. and the internal and external factors involved. A critical review of the strength and weaknesses, the implications of your actions on the opportunities you may lose and threats in your existence and persistence are some factors that should be considered. Through a critical evaluation, the best option may be to accept wholly or for the time being.dancing, holding, embracing
In the course of acceptance, time is a serious factor. By allowing time to pass or postponing taking action to a later date or time may prove to be a potent solution to a conflicting issue or situation. Mind what you say but simply remain silent. Cede your rights and privileges as time is a great healer. Clear your minds.
(5) God Factor (Divine Resolution)
With reference to the introductory part of this write-up, conflict is part of life. God is the author of life and has solutions to all life problems. Human beings are limited in all things. It’s only God that is all-knowing. Take your issues to God for consolation and divine resolution as human efforts may fail you.
You may wish to borrow from my personal motto which is “act well your part, for there the honour lies”.
When I am persistently denied my rights or cannot place the outcome of my expectations from any organization or persons, I console myself with “blessed is the man who never expects, for he is never disappointed”
Long ago, I’ve known that the absence of war does not mean peace. This implies that the root of a conflict must be addressed or parties at conflict must first be willing to resolve their conflicts before a meaningful resolution could take place. Conflicts are not resolved by law or decrees or by biased umpire/parties. This only brings out YES which actually means No. Generally, when the above is prevalent, the ensuing conflicts will be greater than the former because silence or absence of war does not imply peace.

CONFLICT RESOLUTION I have come to conclude that there are two perspectives of understanding life. […]

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